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Badminton Equipments

Racquets

Badminton racquets are lightweight, with top quality racquets’ weight ranging from 70 to 95 grams (2.4 to 3.3 ounces) excluding grip and strings. The size of the racquet shall not exceed 680mm in overall length and 230mm in overall width. They are composed of many different materials ranging from carbon fiber composite (graphite reinforced plastic) to solid steel, which may be amplified by a variety of materials by combining two or more of the materials. Carbon fiber has an excellent strength to weight proportion - is stiff, and gives exceptional kinetic energy transfer. Before carbon fiber composite was used to make racquets, they were made of light metals such as aluminum and even before aluminum was used racquets were made from wood.

Strings

Badminton strings are thin with thicknesses ranging from about 0.62 to 0.73 mm.  Comparatively thicker strings are more durable. String tension is normally in the range of 80 to 160 N (18 to 36 lbf).

There are two types of Badminton Strings:

  • Natural guts material: Provides more sense of hold, control and power and thus less vibration are felt – is nice to play with. In contrast, they are less durable though.
  • Synthetic material: Recreational players generally go for strings at lower tensions than professionals, typically between 80 and 110 N (18 and 25 lbf). Professionals string between about 110 and 160 N (25 and 36 lbf).

Grip

The choice of grip allows a player to increase the thickness of their racquet handle and get a comfortable surface to hold. A player may possibly build up the handle with one or more grips before applying the final layer.

Players may choose between varieties of grip materials. The most common of the choices are PU synthetic grips or toweling grips. All the more grip choice is a matter of personal preference.

There are two main types of grip:

  • Replacement grips
  • Over-grips

Replacement Grips

Over Grips

Thicker

Thinner ( less than 1mm)

Used to increase the size of the handle

Used as final layer

Have adhesive backing

Only a small patch of adhesive at the start of the tape; must be applied under tension.

Shuttlecock

The shuttlecock is a feathered or plastic conic shaped projectile whose unique aerodynamic properties cause it to fly unlike the different types of balls used in most racquet sports; in particular, the feathers/plastic skirt create much higher draw, causing the shuttlecock to slow down more rapidly than a ball. The cone is formed from sixteen overlapping feathers embedded into a rounded cork base. The cork is covered with thin leather or synthetic material. Shuttlecocks have a much higher top speed, when compared to other racquet sports’ equipment. 

Badminton shoes

Badminton shoes are substantially lightweight with soles of rubber or comparable high-grip, non-making materials.

A good pair of Badminton Shoes must provide good grip, cushioning and some flexibility at the forefoot. Compared to running shoes, badminton shoes have little cross support. High levels of cross support are useful for activities where cross motion is undesirable and unexpected. Badminton, however, requires powerful cross movements. A highly built-up cross support will not be able to protect the foot in badminton; instead, it will encourage catastrophic fall down at the point where the shoe's support fails, and if the player's ankles are not ready for the unexpected loading, it can lead to sprains. For this reason, players should choose badminton shoes rather than running or any other shoes, because proper badminton shoes have a comparably very thin sole, will decrease a person's centre of gravity, and thus result in fewer injuries.